on Cleaner Production

We recognize that achieving sustainable development is a collective responsibility. Action to protect the global environment must include the adoption of improved sustainable production and consumption practices.

We believe that Cleaner Production and other preventive strategies such as Eco-efficiency, Green Productivity and Pollution Prevention are preferred options. They require the development, support and implementation of appropriate measures.

We understand Cleaner Production to be the continuous application of an integrated, preventive strategy applied to processes, products and services in pursuit of economic, social, health, safety and environmental benefits.

To this end we are committed to:


Using our influence

  • to encourage the adoption of sustainable production and consumption practices through our relationships with stakeholders.


Building capacity

  • by developing and conducting awareness, education and training programmes within our organization;

  • by encouraging the inclusion of the concepts and principles into educational curricula at all levels.


Encouraging the integration of preventive strategies

  • into all levels of our organization;

  • within environmental management systems;

  • by using tools such as environmental performance evaluation, environmental accounting, and environmental impact, life cycle, and cleaner production assessments.


Creating innovative solutions

  • by promoting a shift of priority from end-of-pipe to preventive strategies in our research and development policies and activities;

  • by supporting the development of products and services which are environmentally efficient and meet consumer needs.


Sharing our experience

  • by fostering dialogue on the implementation of preventive strategies and informing external stakeholders about their benefits.


Taking action to adopt Cleaner Production

  • by setting challenging goals and regularly reporting progress through established management systems;

  • by encouraging new and additional finance and investment in preventive technology options, and promoting environmentally sound technology cooperation and transfer between countries;

  • through cooperation with UNEP and other partners and stakeholders in supporting this declaration and reviewing the success of its implementation.

UNEP International Declaration on Cleaner Production Signatory Summary
As of September 10, 1999
National Governments
34 countries
Provincial, State and Local Governments
9 signatories
41 signatories
Business Associations, Industry and Professional Associations, Consultants
36 signatories
Non-Governmental Organizations
5 signatories
Academia, Societies, Cleaner Production Centres, Working Groups and Productivity Council
30 signatories
International Agencies and Inter-Governmental Organizations
4 signatories
159 signatories
(The actual number of signatories is greater than 1,000. The number indicated includes only organizations signing with high-level representation.)

PHOTOGRAPH: Press Association/Topham

Contents | Editorial K. Toepfer | Celebration and challenge | Informal diplomacy | Being in earnest | International Declaration on Cleaner Production | Clean = competitive | Not on Planet Earth! | The Basel Convention | At a glance | Competition | It’s a waste | Move these poisonous mountains | Broad, global and dynamic | A monumental challenge | UNEP Chemicals | Latin lessons | Sasakawa Environment Prize | Of potholes and ozone holes | Will we learn?