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Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director, UNEP

Waking up
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, President of the Republic of Maldives, describes the effect of the tsunami on his country, and warns that global warming poses an even greater threat to environmental security

Planting security
Wangari Maathai, tells Geoffrey Lean how trees make peace and how deforestation and degradation of the land lead to conflict

Natural peace
Massoumeh Ebtekar, Vice-President and Head of the Department of Environment, Islamic Republic of Iran, stresses the crucial, neglected role of the feminine factor in achieving peace, environmental protection and sustainable development


No procrastinating on climate
Joseph Lieberman, United States Senator from Connecticut, calls for leadership to accept the challenge of global warming and use market forces to reduce emissions

Attracting private investment
Melinda L. Kimble, Senior Vice President for Programs, United Nations Foundation

Reshaping the energy and security debate
R. James Woolsey, former Director of Central Intelligence and member of the Advisory Council of the Energy Future Coalition, outlines the dangers of dependence on oil and points to increased efficiency and alternative fuels as the answerThe world’s oil market and its transportation infrastructure should be at the centre of the debate about energy and security

At a glance:
Environmental security

Star profile: Salman Ahmad
Lead guitarist of Junoon, Pakistan’s top rock band

How many Earths?
Jacqueline McGlade, Executive Director of the European Environment Agency, describes how Europe’s standard of living is rooted in the overuse of resources from other parts of the world, and calls for an eco-efficiency revolution

Green helmets
Pekka Haavisto, Chairman of the Afghanistan, Occupied Palestinian Territories, Depleted Uranium and Iraq projects, UNEP, describes how post-conflict environmental assessments are aiding recovery and promoting peace

Books and products

Initiative for change
Jan Kubis, Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, describes a pioneering endeavour addressing environment and security threats in the Southern Caucasus

Security in turbulence
Tamar Lebanidze, Minister of Environment Protection and Natural Resources, Georgia, describes how environment and security concerns can lead to fruitful cooperation, even in one of the world’s most turbulent regions

Water and war
Steve Lonergan, Director of the Division of Early Warning and Assessment, UNEP, says that tensions over water will increase as scarcity increases, but that outright conflict can be avoided

Beating the ‘resource curse’
Emil Salim, former Environment Minister of Indonesia and professor at the postgraduate course on environment at the University of Indonesia, Jakarta, describes how environmentally, socially and economically sustainable development is needed to avoid conflicts over resources

Green peace
Max B. Katta, 23, Sierra Leone

Extra web-only article:

It’s poverty, stupid
Jenny Clover, Senior Researcher at the African Security Analysis Programme, Institute for Security Studies, South Africa, argues that globalization and inequality are increasing human, and thus environmental, insecurity