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The energy report
100% renewable energy by 2050

"By 2050, we could get all the energy we need from renewable sources. This report shows that such a transition is not only possible but also cost-effective, providing energy that is affordable for all and producing it in ways that can be sustained by the global economy and the planet. The transition will be present significant challenges, but I hope this report will inspire governments and business to come to grips with those challenges and, at the same time, to move boldly to bring the renewable economy into reality. There is nothing more important to our ability to create a sustainable future."

James P. Leape
Director General
WWF International


  1. CLEAN ENERGY: Promote only the most efficient products. Develop existing and new renewable energy sources to provide enough clean energy for all by 2050.
  2. GRIDS: Share and exchange clean energy through grids and trade, making the best use of sustainable energy resources in different areas.
  3. ACCESS: End energy poverty: provide clean electricity and promote sustainable practices, such as efficient cookstoves, to everyone in developing countries.
  4. MONEY: Invest in renewable, clean energy and energy efficient products and buildings.
  5. FOOD: Stop food waste. Choose food that is sourced in an efficient and sustainable way to free up land for nature, sustainable forestry and biofuel production. Everyone has an equal right to healthy levels of protein in their diet – for this to happen, wealthier people need to eat less meat.
  6. MATERIALS: Reduce, re-use, recycle – to minimize waste and save energy. Develop durable materials. And avoid things we don't need.
  7. TRANSPORT: Provide incentives to encourage greater use of public transport, and to reduce the distances people and goods travel. Promote electrification wherever possible, and support research into hydrogen and other alternative fuels for shipping and aviation.
  8. TECHNOLOGY: Develop national, bilateral and multilateral action plans to promote research and development in energy efficiency and renewable energy.
  9. SUSTAINABILITY: Develop and enforce strict sustainability criteria that ensure renewable energy is compatible with environment and development goals.
  10. AGREEMENTS: Support ambitious climate and energy agreements to provide global guidance and promote global cooperation on renewable energy and efficiency efforts.
  The Energy Report

Full Report: Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. Changing reality
  3. The Ecofys Scenario in a nutshell
  4. Energy for a new future
  5. Challenges ahead
  6. Equity: Everyone has the right to energy
  7. Infrastructure and lifestyles
  8. Longterm opportunities
  9. The Ecofys Scenario
  10. ABOUT the Energy Report